Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases that medical doctors usually refer to as “diabetes mellitus”. This is a disease in which the quantity of glucose in the blood is very high (hyperglycemia). This is usually a result of the body not producing enough insulin, or the body has cells that cannot act on the insulin that the pancreas generated.
When we eat, most of it is crushed down into glucose. When the glucose goes into the bloodstream, our cells use the glucose for energy and growth. Glucose is a form of sugar in the blood. But the glucose cannot enter the cells without carrying insulin; insulin is a prerequisite for glucose to enter the cells. So when the insulin is not present in the glucose, the blood will contain more glucose than required.
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